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可燃冰将改变能源结构
作者:    浏览次数:2430       日期:2017年05月23日 09:28

可上九天揽月,可下五洋采“冰”——5月18日,我国南海神狐海域天然气水合物(又称“可燃冰”)试采实现连续187个小时的稳定产气。这是我国首次实现海域可燃冰试采成功,也是全球首次对资源量占比90%以上、开发难度最大的泥质粉砂型储层可燃 冰成功实现试采。

“HAIYANGSHIRENLEIJUDADEZIYUANBAOKU,YUNZANGZHEJIWEIFENGFUDEKUANGCHANZIYUAN。YOUYUKUANGCHANZIYUANDEBUKEZAISHENGXING,WOMENBIJIANGBAMUGUANGZHUANXIANGHAIYANG,JINRUGONGTONGGUANLIHAIYANG、GONGXIANGHAIYANGZIYUANDEXINSHIDAI。”——HEWENBO,5YUE12RIZHONGGUOWUKUANGCHENGWEIGUOJIHAIDIGUANLIJUDI19GEDUOJINSHUJIEHEKANTANHETONGDEQIANDINGZHE。

2016NIANNIANDIGUOTUZIYUANBUYINFA《GUOTUZIYUAN“SHISANWU”KEJICHUANGXINFAZHANGUIHUA》(YIXIAJIANCHENG《GUIHUA》),《GUIHUA》MINGQUELEGUOTUZIYUANBUZAIWEILAIWUNIANKEJICHUANGXINFAZHANDEZHUYAOFANGXIANG,TICHULEYIGEQUANXINDEMINGCI“SANSHENYITU”。QUANMIANSHISHISHENDITANCE、SHENHAITANCE、SHENKONGDUIDIGUANCEHETUDIGONGCHENGKEJI“SIWEIYITI”DEKEJICHUANGXINZHANLVE。

如果我国固体矿产勘查深度达到2000米,探明资源储量可以翻一番。而,海底富钴结壳中钴资源量约为10亿吨;太平洋深海沉积物中稀土资源量达880亿吨。未来全球油气总储量的40%将来自深海。 

今天我们来谈谈中国海洋有哪些矿产: 

中国的海域

中国海洋特征

中国海洋油气资源

河南福彩网ANZHAODISANCISHIYOUZIYUANPINGCEJIEGUO,WOGUOMUQIANSHIYOUZIYUANLIANGWEI1072.7 YIDUN,QIZHONGHAIYANGSHIYOU246 YIDUN,ZHANZONGLIANGDE23%;HAIYANGTIANRANQI16 WANYILIFANGMI,ZHANZONGLIANGDE30%。

ZHONGGUOJINHAIYOUQIDIZHIKANCHAKEFENWEI3GELINGYU:TANHAI(ZHI5 mSHUISHENYINEIDEFANWEI);QIANSHUI(HAI)YOUQIKANTAN(ZHISHUISHEN5 m~400 mFANWEIDEHAIYUKANTANGONGZUO);SHENSHUI(HAI)YOUQIKANTAN(ZHISHUISHENDAYU400 mDEKANTAN)。WOGUODEHAIYANGYOUQIKANTANGONGZUOZHUYAOZAIQIANSHUIQU(SHUISHEN400 mYINEI),SHENSHUI(HAI)YOUQIKANTANJIANGSHIWOGUOZAINANHAIHAIYUDEZHONGDIANMUBIAO。

2012NIANWOGUOSHOUZUOZIZHUSHEJI、JIANZAODEDILIUDAISHENSHUIBANQIANSHIZUANJINGPINGTAI“HAIYANGSHIYOU981”,ZAINANHAIHAIYUYIJINGKAIZUAN,SHIWOGUOSHIYOUGONGSIBAITUOGUOQUYUWAIGUOSHIYOUJUTOUHEZI,SHOUCIDULIJINXINGSHENSHUIYOUQIKANTANKAIFA。

深海多金属结核

HAIDIDUOJINSHUJIEHEZIYUANSHIZHISHENHAIHAIDISHANGBUDUANZHANGDADEFUHANMn、Fe、Ni、Co、CuDENGJINSHUYUANSUDEJIEHE。

WOGUOCONG20SHIJI70NIANDAIQIJIUKAISHIDUIHAIDIDUOJINSHUJIEHEZIYUANJINXINGKANCHAHUODONG。ZAIGUOJIHAIYU,ANLIANHEGUOHAIYANGFAGONGYUEGUIDING,ZHONGGUOYU1999NIANJIUZHENGSHIHUODEDONGTAIPINGYANGQUYUDE715×104km2DEDUOJINSHUJIEHEKUANGQUDEZHUANSHUTANKUANGQUANHEYOUXIANKAIFAQUAN,CHUBUQUANDINGLEFUGUJIEQIAOSHENQINGQU,BINGKAIZHANLEQITAZIYUANDEDIAOCHA。YIHUODESHANGYIDUNMn,406.4×104tDECu 514.42×104tDENiHE98.49×104tDECoDEJINSHUZIYUANLIANG。RUOTOUZIGAISHENHAICAIKUANGYEKUANGCHENGGONG,KEHUODEZHONGDAJINGJILIYI。

QUANGUOLIAOKUODEDAYANGHAIDIDEDUOJINSHUJIEHEZONGZIYUANLIANGYUE3WANYIDUN,YOUSHANGYEKAICAIQIANLIDEDA750YIDUN;

河南福彩网2016NIAN6YUE12RI,ZHANGSHAKUANGSHANYANJIUYUANYANZHIDESHENHAIFUGUJIEQIAOCAIKUANGTOUSUIZHONGGUO“HAIYANGLIUHAO”KEKAOCHUANZAINANHAICHENGGONGKAIZHANLEFUGUJIEQIAOCAIJUESHIYAN。ZHEISHIWOGUOSHOUCIKAIZHANSHENHAIFUGUJIEQIAOCAIJUEJISHUHAIYANGSHIYAN。

CICICAIKUANGSHIYANLISHIJIN3XIAOSHI,SHIYANSHUISHENDA959MI。SHIYANBIAOMING,SHENHAIFUGUJIEQIAOCAIKUANGTOUQIEGEXIAOLVGAO,YUNXINGWENDINGKEKAO,SHOUJIDAOLEYIDINGSHULIANGDEJIEQIAOKUANGLIYANGPIN。GAIKAICAIJIQISHIYONG4000MIYIXIASHUISHEN,BINGJIANGYU2017NIANSUIZHANGSHAKUANGSHANYUANZIZHUYANZHIDEHAIDICAIKUANGCHEZAIHETONGQUKAIZHANZONGHECAIKUANGSHIYAN。

天然气水合物

河南福彩网TIANRANQISHUIHEWU(YOUCHENG“KERANBING”),TASHIYIZHONGXINXINGNENGYUAN,ZHUYAOFENBUZAIHAIDICHENJIWUHELUSHANGYONGJIUDONGTUDAIZHONG。

河南福彩网TARANSHAOZHIGAO:1LIFANGMIDEKERANBINGFENJIEHOUKESHIFANGCHUYUE0.8LIFANGMIDESHUIHE164LIFANGMIDETIANRANQI,RANSHAOCHANSHENGDENENGLIANGMINGXIANGAOYUMEITAN、SHIYOU,RANSHAOWURANQUEYOUBIMEI、SHIYOUXIAO,GENGJIAQINGJIEHUANBAO。

河南福彩网TAZIYUANCHULIANGFENGFU——KERANBINGGUANGFANFENBUYUQUANQIUDAYANGHAIYU,YIJILUDIDONGTUCENGHEJIDIXIAMIAN。GUSUANQIZIYUANLIANGXIANGDANGYUQUANQIUYITANMINGCHUANTONGHUASHIRANLIAOTANZONGLIANGDELIANGBEI。

WOGUOKERANBINGZIYUANCHUCUNLIANGYUEXIANGDANGYU1000YIDUNYOUDANGLIANG,QIZHONGYOUJIN800YIDUNZAINANHAI。

海滨砂矿

WOGUOYANHAIBINHAISHAKUANGKAICAIJUZHONGYAODIWEI。ZHONGGUOYICHAMINGDEJUYOUCHULIANGDEHAIBINSHAKUANGYOU13ZHONG,BAOKUOGAOSHI、TAITIEKUANG、JINHONGSHI、SHIYINGSHADENGSHAKUANG,YIHAIJISHAKUANGWEIZHU,FENBUZAIWOGUODEGUANGDONG、FUJIAN、SHANDONG、LIAONINGDENGDIDEBINHAIDIQU。

WOGUOHAIBINSHAKUANGDETANMINGCHULIANGWEI15.25×108t,QIZHONGHAIBINJINSHUKUANGCHAN(TAITIEKUANG、GAOSHI、JINHONGSHI、DUJUSHI、LINYIKUANGDENG)CHULIANGWEI0.25×108t,QIYUWEIFEIJINSHUSHAKUANG。

固体矿产

河南福彩网WOGUOZAIDALUJIAHAIQUHAIGUANGFANFENBUZHEJIN、TONG、MEI、LIU、LIN、SHIHUIYANDENGKUANGCHAN,ZHEIXIEKUANGDEKAICAIZHUYAOJIZHONGZAISHANDONG、GUANGDONG、GUANGXI、HAINANHEFUJIAN。RUSHANDONGLONGKOUDEMEIKUANG。DALUJIASHIDALUDEYANSHEN,ZHEIXIEKUANGCHUANGYUDALUDIZHIKUANGCHUANGSHIYOULIANXIDE,DANSHIZAIHAIPINGMIANZHIXIA。

LIRUJINKUANG:

河南福彩网2015NIANSHANDONGSHENGDISANDIZHIKUANGCHANKANCHAYUANLIJINGSANNIANTANHUODELAIZHOUSANSHANDAOBEIBUHAIYUJINKUANGCHUANG,JINKUANGZIYUANLIANGDA470DUODUN(CHULIANG20DUNYISHANGWEIDAXINGJINKUANG,50DUNYISHANGWEITEDAXINGJINKUANG),JINPINGJUNPINWEI4.3KE/DUN。LAIZHOUSANSHANDAOBEIBUHAIYUJINKUANGSHANGSHUQUANGUOSHOUGEHAISHANGFAXIANDEJINKUANG。

河南福彩网SANSHANDAOJINKUANGCHENGWEIQUANQIUSHOUZUOANQUANGAOXIAOKAICAIHAIDIJINSHUZIYUANDEKUANGSHAN。SHIQUANGUOWEIYIYIGEHAIDICAIKUANGDEJINKUANG。